Studies from the American National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) show that human error (e.g., misjudgment, speeding, fatigue, intoxicated or distracted driving, etc.) is the cause of 94-96% of all motor vehicle accidents.
These staggering numbers illustrate how difficult it will be to realize governments’ increasingly ambitious road safety targets, such as the European Union’s “Vision Zero” initiative that aims at achieving a near-zero fatality rate on EU roads by 2050. It’s no wonder that minimizing or preventing the chance of human (driving) errors is among the key value propositions for the introduction of autonomous (a.k.a. self-driving or driverless) vehicles.