Can passengers in a traffic stop refuse to give an officer their ID? 9th Circuit says no unless officer has reasonable suspicion person has committed a crime

If you are a passenger in a car pulled over in Arizona, refusing to give an officer your ID does not automatically give the officer permission to drag out the traffic stop.

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, which oversees Arizona and several other western states, recently ruled that law enforcement cannot extend a traffic stop because a passenger refuses to give their identification, unless the officer has a reasonable suspicion the person has committed a crime.