34-Page Report from the Reason Foundation: A Conservative Case for Highway Tolling

America’s highways are in trouble. Congestion on urban freeways has reached all-time
highs, and the aging Interstate Highway System needs rebuilding and selective widening.
Deferred maintenance for structurally deficient bridges and a teeming backlog of major
projects lack funding. Most highway funding relies on gas taxes, which project declining
revenues in coming decades due to the likely growth of more fuel-efficient and
alternatively-powered vehicles. Yet increasing the gas tax is politically difficult, especially
at the federal level.